Sunday, 5 January 2020


There is a TV Program in Doordarshan Odia “Apananka Patra(Your Letters) (changed to ‘Apananka Mata — Your Views’)”. I watch the program regularly on Sunday at 1:30PM. People write their about their views on DD Odia programs and it is discussed here. I felt, just like other private Odia channels, DD Odia also using the “Saamil/Shaamil” regularly. I was confused why do they use this word! I 1st searched in dictionary and I found that this word a loan word from a foreign language.
Then I wrote an email to their id
It reads as below… ଓଡ଼ିଆରେ ଦୁଇଟି ଶବ୍ଦ ଅଛି “ଅନ୍ତର୍ଭୁକ୍ତ, ଯୋଗଦାନ”। ଉଦାହରଣ: ୧)ସେଇଟିକୁ ଏ ତାଲିକାରେ ଯୋଡ଼ା ଗଲା କିମ୍ବା ତାଲିକା ଅନ୍ତର୍ଭୁକ୍ତ କରାଗଲା।, ୨) ସେ ଯୋଗଦାନ କଲେ। କିନ୍ତୁ ଆଉ ଗୋଟେ ଶବ୍ଦ ବି ଅଛି “ସମ୍ମିଳିତ”, ଯୋଉଥିରୁ କି ଅନ୍ୟ ଭାଷାରେ ଗୋଟେ ଶବ୍ଦ ଆସିଲା “ଶାମୀଲ”। ଏ “ଶାମୀଲ” ଶବ୍ଦଟି ଓଡ଼ିଶାରେ କଚେରୀରେ ବ୍ୟବହାର ହୁଏ। ଭାଷାକୋଷରେ ମଧ୍ୟ ସେଇଆ ଲେଖା ହୋଇଛି ଯେ ଏଇଟା ବୈଦେଶିକ ଶବ୍ଦ। କିନ୍ତୁ ଧିରେ ଧିରେ ଏ ଶବ୍ଦଟି ଓଡ଼ିଆକରଣ ହୋଇ “ସାମିଲ” ଭାବେ ଓଡ଼ିଆ କଥୋପକଥନରେ ବହୁଳଭାବେ ହେଲାଣି ଗତ କିଛି ବର୍ଷ ହେବ ଯାହା ଫଳରେ କି “ଅନ୍ତର୍ଭୁକ୍ତ, ଯୋଗଦାନ, ଯୋଡ଼ିବା” ଭଳି ଶବ୍ଦ ଲୋପ ପାଇବାକୁ ବସିଲାଣି। ଏ ଜିନିଷ ଦୂରଦର୍ଶନ ଓ ଅନ୍ୟ ଗଣମାଧ୍ୟମରେ ବହୁତ ଦେଖିବାକୁ ମିଳୁଛି। ବୈଦେଶିକ ଶବ୍ଦ ବ୍ୟବହାରରେ କିଛି ଅସୁବିଧା ନାହିଁ କିନ୍ତୁ ସେ ଶବ୍ଦ ଓଡ଼ିଆ ଶବ୍ଦଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ଯେମିତି ମୂଳୋତ୍ପାଟନ ନ କରୁ ସେଥିପ୍ରତି ଧ୍ୟାନ ଦିଅନ୍ତୁ। English translation: There are two words in Odia “Antarbhukta, Jogadaana”. e.g. 1) It was added (antarbhukta karaagalaa) to the list, 2) He joined (Jogadaana kale). There is another word “SammiLita” from which a new word was created in another language as “Shaamil”. It is used in court language in Odisha. In Odia dictionary, it is written that it is a foreign loan word. Gradually it was added to Odia as “Saamil” and it is used too much in day-to-day conversation for last few years. As a result, the words “Antarbhukta, Jogadaana” are gradually vanishing. You can see it in Doordarshan and other private Odia media. There is no issue in using foreign loan words but it should not wash out the native Odia words. -Those two languages dont tell from where or which language they got loan words. But Odia is openly accepting words from two specific languages. Time will come when the two languages (which originated few years back) show as if they are the mother language of Odia language! Odias just need to be careful and so selfish for at least Odia language. 
Cheers, Ashish

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